Amoksisilin di masyarakat

Cara pemberian obat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Amoksisilin yang ada di pasar umumnya berupa kristal trihidrat, untuk penggunaan oral tersedia dalam bentuk kapsul, tablet kunyah dan dapat terdispersi, sirup dan suspensi untuk pasien pediatri, dan berupa garam natrium untuk pemberian intravena. Amoksisilin paling sering diberikan secara oral. Obat bentuk cair digunakan untuk pasien yang kesulitan untuk menelan tablet atau kapsul.

Penelitian dengan tikus menunjukkan amoksisilin dalam bentuk mikropartikel dapat diberikan secara intraperitoneal.[28]

Penamaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Amoksisilin merupakan salah satu penisilin semisintetis yang ditemukan oleh ilmuwan Beecham. Paten amoksisilin telah berakhir, dengan demikian sediaan amoksisilin dan co-amoxiclav dijual dengan berbagai nama dagang dan/atau memiliki beberapa sinonim di seluruh dunia, seperti:

  • Actimoxi[29]
  • Alphamox
  • Almox
  • Amimox
  • AMOXIZIF
  • Amocla
  • AMK
  • Amoksiklav
  • Amorion
  • Amoxibactin (animal use)
  • Amoxibos
  • Amoxiclav
  • Amoxidal
  • Amoxil
  • Amoxin[30]
  • Amoxibiotic[31]
  • Amoxicilina
  • Amoxidal
  • Amoxoral (animal use)
  • Apo-Amoxy
  • Arsogil[32]
  • Augmentin
  • Bactox
  • Bioxidona[33]
  • Cilamox
  • Clamoxyl
  • Clavamox
  • Clonamox
  • Curam
  • Dedoxil
  • Dispermox
  • Duomox
  • Defender[34]
  • E-Mox[35]
  • Enhancin
  • Ezymox[36]
  • Gimalxina
  • Geramox
  • Hiconcil
  • Himox
  • Isimoxin[37]
  • Klavax
  • Klavocin
  • Klavox
  • Lamoxy
  • Largopen
  • MOX
  • Moxatag
  • Moxiclav Duo[38]
  • Moxikem
  • Moxilen
  • Moxypen
  • Moxyvit
  • Nobactam
  • Novamoxin
  • Optamox
  • Ospamox
  • Pamoxicillin
  • Panklav
  • Pinamox
  • Penamox
  • Polymox
  • Senox[39]
  • Sinacilin
  • Skymox[40]
  • Spektramox
  • Starmox[41]
  • Trimox
  • Tolodina[42]
  • Tormoxin
  • Tyclav[43]
  • Unimox
  • Vidamox
  • Wedemox
  • Wymox
  • Yucla
  • remox
  • Zerrsox
  • Zimox
  • Zoxicillin[44]

Nama tanpa rujukan yang spesifik dirujuk dari situs drugs.com.[45]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h “Amoxicillin”The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Diakses tanggal 1 August 2015.
  2. ^ Gillies, M; Ranakusuma, A; Hoffmann, T; Thorning, S; McGuire, T; Glasziou, P; Del Mar, C (17 November 2014). “Common harms from amoxicillin: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials for any indication”. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association [Journal de l’Association medicale canadienne]187: E21–31. doi:10.1503/cmaj.140848PMID 25404399.
  3. ^ Roy, Jiben (2012). An introduction to pharmaceutical sciences production, chemistry, techniques and technology. Cambridge: Woodhead Pub. hlm. 239. ISBN 9781908818041.
  4. ^ “19th WHO Model List of Essential Medicines” (PDF). World Health Organization. April 2015. Diakses tanggal 14 December 2015.
  5. ^ Kelly, Deirdre (2008). Diseases of the liver and biliary system in children (edisi ke-3). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. hlm. 217. ISBN 9781444300543.
  6. ^ “Amoxicillin”International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Diakses tanggal 1 August 2015.
  7. ^ American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. “Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question” (PDF). Choosing Wisely: an initiative of the ABIM FoundationAmerican Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Diakses tanggal August 14, 2012.
  8. ^ Ahovuo-Saloranta, A.; Rautakorpi, U. M.; Borisenko, O. V.; Liira, H.; Williams Jr, J. W.; Mäkelä, M. (2014).
  9. ^ “Pneumonia – National Library of Medicine – PubMed Health”.
  10. ^ “Revised WHO Classification and Treatment of Pneumonia in Children at Health Facilities – NCBI Bookshelf”.
  11. ^ “Adolescent Acne: Management”.
  12. ^ “Amoxicillin and Acne Vulgaris”. scienceofacne.com. 2012-09-05. Diakses tanggal 2012-08-17.
  13. ^ “Guideline: Managing Possible Serious Bacterial Infection in Young Infants When Referral Is Not Feasible – NCBI Bookshelf”.
  14. ^ “CG64 Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: Full guidance”(PDF). NICE. Diakses tanggal 8 June 2011.
  15. ^ Thornhill, MH; Dayer, MJ; Forde, JM; Corey, GR; Chu, VH; Couper, DJ; Lockhart, PB (2011-05-03). “Impact of the NICE guideline recommending cessation of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of infective endocarditis: before and after study”BMJ (Clinical research ed.)342: d2392. doi:10.1136/bmj.d2392PMC 3086390alt=Dapat diakses gratisPMID 21540258.
  16. ^ “Amoxicillin Susceptibility and Resistance Data” (PDF). Diakses tanggal 20 July 2013.
  17. ^ “Amoxicillin spectrum of bacterial susceptibility and Resistance”(PDF). Diakses tanggal 8 April 2012.
  18. ^ Cundiff j, Joe S.; Joe, S (2007). “Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid-induced hepatitis”. Am. J. Otolaryngol28 (1): 28–30. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2006.06.007PMID 17162128.
  19. ^ R. Baselt (2008). Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man(edisi ke-8th). Foster City, CA: Biomedical Publications. hlm. 81–83.
  20. ^ Pichichero ME (April 2005). “A review of evidence supporting the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for prescribing cephalosporin antibiotics for penicillin-allergic patients”Pediatrics115 (4): 1048–57. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-1276PMID 15805383.
  21. ^ Schmitt, Barton D. (2005). Your child’s health: the parents’ one-stop reference guide to symptoms, emergencies, common illnesses, behavior problems, healthy development (edisi ke-2nd). New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-38369-8.
  22. ^ Kagan, B (1977). “Ampicillin rash”Western Journal of Medicine126 (4): 333–335. PMC 1237570alt=Dapat diakses gratisPMID 855325.
  23. ^ British National Formulary 57 March 2009
  24. ^ Alcamo, I. Edward (2003), Microbes and Society: An Introduction to Microbiology, Jones & Bartlett Learning, hlm. 198, ISBN 9780763714307.
  25. ^ Geddes, AM; et al. (Dec 2007). “Introduction: historical perspective and development of amoxicillin/clavulanate”. Int J Antimicrob Agents30(Suppl 2): S109–12. doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2007.07.015PMID 17900874.
  26. ^ a b Raviña, E (2014). The Evolution of Drug Discovery. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. hlm. 262. ISBN 9783527326693.
  27. ^ Bruggink, A (2001). Synthesis of β-lactam antibiotics. Springer. hlm. 17. ISBN 0-7923-7060-0.
  28. ^ Farazuddin, Mohammad; Chauhan, Arun; Khan, Raza M.M.; Owais, Mohammad (2011). “Amoxicillin-bearing microparticles: potential in the treatment of Listeria monocytogenes infection in Swiss albino mice”Bioscience Reports31 (4): 265–72. doi:10.1042/BSR20100027PMID 20687896.
  29. ^ Catalog.md: Actimoxi Linked 2013-12-09
  30. ^ Amoxin Linked 2014-07-23
  31. ^ Catalog.md: Amoxibiotic Linked 2013-12-09
  32. ^ Aversi (Georgia): Arsogil Linked 2013-12-09
  33. ^ Catalog.md: Bioxidona Linked 2013-12-09
  34. ^ DrugsUpdate India: Defender from Sac Pharma Linked 2013-12-09
  35. ^ Eipico (Egypt): E-Mox Linked 2013-12-09
  36. ^ DrugsUpdate India: Ezymox from Sac Pharma Linked 2013-12-09
  37. ^ Catalog.md: Isimoxin Linked 2013-12-09
  38. ^ “Moxiclav Duo 500/125”.
  39. ^ BioPortal: Senox Linked 2013-12-09
  40. ^ PalMediNet: Skymox Linked 2013-12-09
  41. ^ Sarthak Biotech India: Starmox Linked 2013-12-09
  42. ^ Catalog.md: Tolodina Linked 2013-12-09
  43. ^ Beximco Pharma, Bangladesh: Tyclav Linked 2013-12-09
  44. ^ PakMediNet (Pakistan): Zoxicillin Linked 2013-12-09
  45. ^ Drugs.com: Amoxicillin Linked 2013-12-09